公司新闻
首页 >
劳动力价格上涨有以下几方面的影响
发布时间:随州市鹏程专用汽车机械有限公司 作者:专用汽车 发布时间:2015-05-01

劳动力价格上涨有以下几方面的影响:  


首先,有利于提高消费者的购买力,缓解内需动力不足,为经济发展构造新的驱动力,为企业发展构建新的空间。


其次,价格上升有利于激发劳动者的积极性和创造性。过低的劳动力价格使劳动者除了生存其他几乎无暇顾及,中国农民其实一直被剥夺了很多生活方面,对自己和自己下一代发展进行投资,也无从谈起。同时,价格的上升还将使更多高素质的,有着新鲜血液的年轻人选择进入企业,提高生产效率。


再次,劳动力价格上升,使得企业成本抬高,继而挤压低层次企业的生存空间,为调整产业结构、转变经济增长方式提供更多机遇和可能,过去凭借劳动力低廉、资源价格低的竞争优势,获得快速发展的企业的好日子一去不复返。


当然,劳动力价格上涨所带来的影响也不全都是正面的,随着人力成本的增加,企业陆续外迁,中国制造业在国际市场,尤其是发达国家的市场份额,正在被越南、印度、等国家所占有。主要原因是中国目前的劳动力成本已不具有上述国家的优势,中国制造业的劳动报酬已于2004年超过印度和印尼,2008年超过墨西哥和菲律宾。


不过,正是劳动力成本的上涨,也在倒逼中国企业进行加速转型升级。同时我们在产业结构调整的过程中,对于环境、土地和劳动力的成本的忍耐程度在大幅下降,自身也有需求把一部分产业调剂出去,使我们实现产业的更快更新。


安信证券首席经济学家高善文曾在2011年就指出,劳动力结构的变化是中国经济未来几年中最主要的挑战之一,如何应对这一挑战,将对中国经济和资本市场的未来产生深远的影响。是掉入中等收入陷阱,还是迸发出技术创新的澎湃动力。而财政部部长楼继伟在今年4月24日给出的中国在未来的5年或10年有50%以上的可能性会滑入中等收入陷阱的预测,多多少少暗示了中国短期内从劳动密集型产业到资本密集型产业的转型失败。

劳动力上涨导致了人工成本增加,从而高空作业车将会逐步替代高额的人工成本,机器代替人工,所以高空作业车行业发转带来潜力!高空作业车租赁市场前景也一片大好!

The influence of labor prices has the following several aspects:


First of all, to improve the purchasing power of consumers, alleviate the insufficient domestic demand motivation, construct new driving force for economic development, building a new space for enterprise development.


Secondly, the price rise to arouse the enthusiasm and creativity of the workers. Low Labour costs to make workers other than earning a living for almost Chinese farmers actually has been deprived of a lot of life, to invest in yourself and your next generation development, is also impossible. At the same time, the price rise will also make more high quality, with fresh blood of young people choose to enter the enterprise, improve the production efficiency.


Again, the labor costs rise, making the enterprise cost, then squeeze the low-level enterprise survival space, to adjust the industrial structure, the transformation of the mode of economic growth to provide more opportunities and may, in the past with cheap labor, resources, the competitive advantage of low price, to obtain rapid development of enterprise day gone.


, of course, the effects of labor prices don't is all positive, with the increase of labor costs, and outsourcing enterprise in China's manufacturing industry in the international market, especially the market share of developed countries, by countries such as Vietnam, India, are possessed. The main reason is that China's current labor costs is not with the advantages of these countries, China's manufacturing industry's labor remuneration has been more than India and Indonesia in 2004, more than 2008 in Mexico and the Philippines.