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高空作业车:中国水污染一年带来损失2400亿元
发布时间:随州市鹏程专用汽车机械有限公司 作者:专用汽车 发布时间:2015-04-17

中国水污染很痛:一年带来损失2400亿元

4月16日,备受期待的“水十条”正式印发,提出了三个时期治理目标,包括:到2020年,全国水环境质量得到阶段性改善,污染严重水体较大幅度减少;到2030年,力争全国水环境质量总体改善,水生态系统功能初步恢复。到本世纪中叶,生态环境质量全面改善,生态系统实现良性循环。

实际上,中国水资源两大痛点:水资源短缺和水污染。此前,有专家曾推算,我国每年水污染对工业、农业、市政工业和人体健康等方面造成的经济损失约2400亿元。

水污染治理行业高级工程师许丹宇博士在接受《每日经济新闻(微博)》记者采访时说,水污染涉及到各个行业,从归口上,又涉及农业部、水利部、住建部等多个部门,用一个数字来衡量水污染损失实际上较难。


水利部资料显示,我国人均水资源量仅为世界人均水平的四分之一,全国年平均缺水量高达500多亿立方米。

在今年的全国两会期间,全国政协委员、民进中央副主席卫小春曾指出,我国是全球13个人均水资源最贫乏的国家之一。全国600多个城市中有400多个属于“严重缺水”和“缺水”城市。京津冀人均水资源仅286立方米,为全国人均的1/8,世界人均的1/32,远低于国际公认的人均500立方米的“极度缺水”标准。


今年3月,水利部召开的“节约水资源保障水安全”新闻通气会上,水利部水资源司副巡视员颜勇表示,全国用水总量正逐步接近国务院确定的2020年用水总量控制目标,开发空间十分有限。《每日经济新闻》记者注意到,在水利发展“十三五”规划编制中,将着力缓解水资源水环境约束趋紧的矛盾,加快落实最严格水资源管理制度,切实转变用水方式,全面建设节水型社会。


而在去年3月,环保部发布首个全国性的大规模研究结果显示,我国有2.5亿居民的住宅区靠近重点排污企业和交通干道,2.8亿居民使用不安全饮用水。《2013中国环境公报》数据显示,2013年我国地表水总体轻度污染,部分城市河段污染较重。全国4778个地下水监测点中,水质较差和极差的比例将近60%。31个大型淡水湖泊中,17个为中度污染或轻度污染。


实际上,早在2006年9月,当时的国家环保总局和国家统计局联合发布《中国绿色国民经济核算研究报告2004》,报告就称,2004年因环境污染造成的经济损失为5118亿元,占GDP3.05%。其中,水污染的环境成本为2862.8亿元。

China's water pollution is very painful: brings loss of 240 billion yuan a year


On April 16, highly anticipated officially issued by the "water 10", puts forward the three periods governance objectives, including: by 2020, the national water environment quality has been improved to periodically, polluted water is greatly reduced; By 2030, the overall improvement, strive for the national water environment quality of water ecosystem function recovery. By the middle of this century, the ecological environment quality comprehensive improvement, ecological system realize the virtuous circle.

In fact, China's water two big pain points: the shortage of water resources and water pollution. Experts previously had been calculated, every year in our country for industry, agriculture, municipal water pollution and human health caused by the economic loss about 240 billion yuan.

Water pollution governance industry senior engineer Dr Dan-yu xu told the "daily economic news (weibo) told reporters, the water pollution involves various industries, from the focal points, and related to the ministry of agriculture, ministry of water resources, ministry of several departments, such as measured by a digital water pollution losses are difficult indeed.


, according to the ministry of water resources per capita water resources is only a quarter of the world average, more than the national average annual water deficit as high as 500 cubic meters.

In the country during the two sessions this year, the CPPCC national committee, vice chairman of the central committee of the biomechanical signals was pointed out that our country is one of the poorest countries in the global 13 per capita water resources. The national more than 600 cities in more than 600 belongs to the "severe water shortages" and "water city". Water resources per capita is only 286 cubic meters of the beijing-tianjin-hebei region, for the national per capita of 1/8, 1/32 of the world per capita, per capita is far lower than the internationally recognized 500 cubic meters of "water" standard.